Retinal conditions

A common feature of all retinal conditions is that they do not cause pain. They are therefore often not taken seriously enough by those affected.


Retinal detachment

Description of condition

On our retina, the incoming light is processed and transmitted. This is a central task of vision, and retinal conditions should therefore always be taken seriously. Retinal detachment is also an ophthalmological emergency – the retina detaches from the underlying tissue, which, if left untreated, can lead to irreparable damage.

Illustration Auge (Querschnitt) mit Riss in der Netzhaut und Netzhautablösung.

Causes

The causes of retinal detachment are many and varied. It often occurs in short-sightedness, but also after injuries, infections, eye operations, and in the case of eye tumours and other diseases.

Symptoms

In the event of retinal detachment, symptoms such as perceived light flashes, black spots, a dark curtain or restricted field of vision may occur. If you experience these symptoms, consult your ophthalmologist immediately.

Diagnosis

The ophthalmologist will examine the ocular fundus (back of the eye). For this, eye drops must be used to enlarge the pupils.

Treatment

Retinal detachment is a serious eye condition. Surgery is unavoidable. With today’s modern surgical techniques, the chances of recovery are however good.


Here you can find more information on the subject:

Retinal surgery


Retinal circulatory impairment

Description of condition

A distinction is made between venous circulatory impairment (thromboses) and arterial occlusions (embolisms). The entire retina or just portions of it may be affected. In the case of vascular occlusions, the result is a supply shortage and therefore a loss of function in the affected areas.

Causes

The causes of retinal circulatory impairment are often diseases of the heart/circulatory system or even blood coagulation disorders. Often, fluid loss due to insufficient drinking is recognised as a cause.

Symptoms

Symptoms include a sudden, painless loss of vision in the entire visual field of an eye, or a portion thereof.

Diagnosis

The ophthalmologist will examine the ocular fundus (back of the eye). In addition, a general diagnosis will be carried out by an internist with clarification of the possible risk factors. For this, eye drops must be used to enlarge the pupils.

Treatment

General treatment to promote circulation will be initiated. Complications are treated via medication injected into the eye or lasering of the retina.


Diabetic retinal disease

Description of condition

This results in small bleeds into the retina and fatty deposits. In advanced cases, it leads to complicated retinal detachments and haemorrhaging in the eyeball.

Causes

The underlying diabetic condition with its impaired sugar and fat metabolism, especially in insufficiently controlled diabetes mellitus.

Symptoms

It is always inconspicuous in the early stages. There is a gradual decrease in visual acuity. In advanced stages, it may lead to blindness in the eye.

Diagnosis

The ophthalmologist will examine the ocular fundus (back of the eye). For this, eye drops are usually used to enlarge the pupils. General diagnosis and treatment of the underlying condition are conducted in conjunction with the treating general practitioner or internist.
Because of the inconspicuous and almost asymptomatic progression of the condition in the early stages, early and regular examinations of the ocular fundus are extremely important. Timely, targeted treatment can thus be initiated.

Treatment

In the early stages, treatment is conducted through targeted lasering of the damaged retinal areas. The retina can thus be restabilised. In the late stages, complex surgical interventions are required on the retina.

Make an appointment

Do not hesitate to contact us and be advised by our specialists.

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Email

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