Glaucoma

Description of condition

Glaucoma describes several eye conditions. What they all have in common is that they damage the nerve cells and retina and, if left untreated, can lead to blindness. The damage to nerve cells often occurs slowly and is hardly noticeable. It is therefore important from the age of 45 to have regular eye check-ups with a specialist.

Causes

Increased intraocular pressure is often the cause of glaucoma. In the elderly, chronic glaucoma is also common – in this case, the outflow of aqueous humour is reduced. In addition to genetic risk factors, certain general conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus, as well as anatomical peculiarities of the eye, also increase the risk of glaucoma.

Symptoms

Regular glaucoma examinations are mandatory from the age of 45. Because: even if symptoms such as restrictions in the visual field, ‘halos’ around light sources or other visual impairments are only just apparent, the damage to the retina and optic nerve is already well established.

Diagnosis

Every two years during the preliminary examination, intraocular pressure, the iridocorneal angle and the optic nerve will be closely examined and measured.

Treatment

When cases of glaucoma are detected early, intraocular pressure can be effectively reduced with eye drops before any further damage occurs. If glaucoma is already advanced and eye drops are no longer sufficiently effective, a laser-based or surgical intervention is advisable.

Here you can find more information on the subject:

Glaucoma surgery

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