Examination of anterior sections of the eye

In ophthalmology, the eye is divided into two sections: the anterior and the posterior eye segments. The conjunctiva, cornea, iris and lens belong to this section, also called the optics of the eye. This sensitive area can be impaired by inflammation, infection, mechanical injuries and medical conditions.

Illustration Auge: Hornhaut, Iris, Pupille, Regenbogenhaut, Netzhaut, Makula, Blinder Fleck, Glaskörper

The examination

Foto: Augenärztin mit Patient bei der Augenuntersuchung mit der Spaltlampe

During the examination of the anterior sections of the eye, the ophthalmologist examines the constituent parts in the front part of the eye using a special microscope, the slit lamp. This procedure is painless, simple and takes only a few minutes.

The slit lamp is an ophthalmologist’s most important tool. It helps him/her to see precise details in the front part of the eye (the so-called ‘anterior section of the eye’).

During the examination, the specialist and patient sit opposite one another. The patient places his/her forehead and chin on a device to prevent head movements during the examination. The swivelling microscope creates a slit-like beam of light (hence the name slit lamp), which shines through the eye and makes any changes discernible.

Eye drops are used if necessary to enlarge the pupil. These can also cause significant dazzling in normal daylight, so you should not drive following the examination.

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